Ambiguity

no true scotsman

No True Scotsman

Making what could be called an appeal to purity as a way to dismiss relevant criticisms or flaws…

straw man

Straw Man

Misrepresenting someone’s argument to make it easier to attack. By far the favorite tactic of religious apologists and…

moving goal posts

Moving the Goalposts

Argument in which evidence presented in response to a specific claim is dismissed and some other (often greater)…

equivocation

Equivocation

Using double meanings or ambiguities of language to mislead or misrepresent the truth. For an argument to work,…